Species List Botanical: Australian Native Tree & Shrubs Identification Images & Descriptions

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Species List Botanical: Australian Native Tree & Shrubs

A botanical species list of 340 native trees and shrubs on Australia's east coast with links to photos and descriptions. In alphabetical order from A - Z (below). Also listed are 20 introduced, invasive species spreading in Australian forests. Names in the botanical index shown in yellow font are links to web pages which show the relevant pictures of the full tree, leaf characteristics, bark, flower and / or fruit samples. Detailed descriptions of every tree species are given to assist in identification of native trees and shrubs found on Australia's east coast. See the Leaf Characteristics Page for comprehensive information on how to identify native tree species by leaf features. Our web pages; show bark samples, explain growth habits, give distribution ranges, display flower and/or fruit pictures and give advise on special leaf features such as domatia, stipules and scent for identification. Following genera are listed in groups on our web pages : Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp.), Australian Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp.), Grevilleas (Grevillea spp.) and Syzygium species (Lilly Pillies). We aim to build up the awareness to the high conservation values of Australian old growth forests with these web pages.

Clicking on a link will take you to the web page containing the corresponding listing.
SPECIES LISTED IN INDEX: 360 (* incuding 20 invasive, introduced species)
Green Guide Trees of Australia Cover

NEW: Green Guide Trees of Australia

How to recognise Australian tree families and genera.
A practical field guide to the identification of native species. More than 200 full colour photographs and detailed descriptions explaining leaf, bark, flower, fruit and other tree characteristics.
New Holland Publishers
Format: Paperback with PVC
Pages: 128 pp.
Size: 13 cm wide x 18 cm high

First Edition, Hand Signed Copies $ 19.00

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Australian Trees Botanical Name Species List A - Z

The red * denotes introduced, invasive species. SEE ALSO COMMON NAME SPECIES LIST

 

Botanical Name Common Name Family
A Abrophyllum ornans Native Hydrangea ROUSSEACEAE
  Acacia binervata Two-veined Hickory FABACEAE
Subfamily Mimosoideae
Acacia chrysotricha Newry Golden Wattle
Acacia disparrima Southern Salwood
Acacia implexa Hickory Wattle
Acacia irrorata Green Wattle
Acacia longifolia subsp. longifolia Sydney Golden Wattle
Acacia linearifolia Narrow-leaved Wattle
Acacia maidenii Maiden's Wattle
Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood
Acacia o'shanesii Feather Wattle
Aceratium ferrugineum Rusty Carabeen ELAEOCARPACEAE
Ackama paniculata Rose-leaved Marara CUNONIACEAE
Acradenia euodiiformis Northern Acradenia RUTACEAE
Acronychia imperforata Beach Acronychia
Acronychia laevis Northern White Lilly Pilly
Acronychia littoralis Scented Acronychia
Acronychia oblongifolia Common Acronychia
Acronychia octandra Doughwood
Adenanthera pavonina Red Sandalwood MIMOSACEAE
Agathis microstachya Bull Kauri Pine ARAUCARIACEAE
Agathis robusta Kauri Pine
Akania bidwillii Turnipwood AKANIACEAE
Alectryon coriaceus Beach Bird's-eye SAPINDACEAE
Alectryon tomentosus Hairy Bird's-eye
Aleurites moluccana Candlenut EUPHORBIACEAE
Aleurites rockinghamensis Candlenut Siris
Allocasuarina torulosa Forest Oak CASURINACEAE
Alloxylon pinnatum Tree Waratah PROTEACEAE
Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash RHAMNACEAE
Alphitonia petriei Pink Ash
Alyxia ruscifolia Chain Fruit APOCYNACEAE
Anetholea anisata Ringwood MYRTACEAE
Angophora costata Smooth-barked Apple MYRTACEAE
Anopterus macleayanus Macleay Laurel ESCALLONIACEAE
Antidesma bunius Currant Tree PHYLLANTHACEAE
Aphananthe philippinensis Grey Handlewood CANNABACEAE
Araucaria bidwillii Bunja Pine ARAUCARIACEAE
Araucaria cunninghamii Hoop Pine
Araucaria heterophylla Norfolk Island Pine
Archidendron grandiflorum Pink Laceflower Tree MIMOSACEAE
Archidendron hendersonii White Laceflower Tree
Archirhodomyrtus beckleri Rose Myrtle MYRTACEAE
*Ardisia crenata Coral Berry PRIMULACEAE
Argyrodendron actinophyllum Black Booyong MALVACEAE / STERCULIACEAE
Argyrodendron peralatum Red Tulip Oak
Argyrodendron trifoliolatum White Booyong
Arytera distylis Twin-leaved Coogera SAPINDACEAE
Arytera divaricata Coogera
Astrotricha latifolia Broad-leaf Star Hair ARALIACEAE
Atherosperma moschatum Southern Sassafras ATHEROSPERMATACEAE
Atractocarpus benthamianus Native Gardenia RUBIACEAE
Atractocarpus chartaceus Thin-leaved Gardenia
Atractocarpus fitzalanii Brown Gardenia
Atractocarpus sessilis False Gardenia
Auranticarpa rhombifolia White Hollywood PITTOSPORACEAE
Austrobuxus swanii Pink Cherry PICRODENDRACEAE
       
B Backhousia citriodora Lemon Myrtle MYRTACEAE
  Backhousia myrtifolia Grey Myrtle
Baloghia marmorata Marbled Baloghia EUPHORBIACEAE
Banksia integrifolia Coastal Banksia PROTEACEAE
Banksia robur Green Banksia
Blepharocarya involucrigera Rose Butternut ANACARDIACEAE
Bosistoa floydii Five-leaved Bonewood RUTACEAE
Bosistoa transversa Yellow Satinheart
Brachychiton acerifolius Flame Tree MALVACEAE / STERCULIACEAE
Brachychiton bidwillii Dwarf Kurrajong
Brachychiton discolor Lacebark Tree
Brachychiton diversifolius Tropical Kurrajong
Bridelia exaltata Brush Ironbark PHYLLANTHACEAE
Buckinghamia celsissima Ivory Curl Flower PROTEACEAE
       
C Callicarpa penduculata Velvet Leaf LAMIACEAE
  Callicoma serratifolia Black Wattle CUNONIACEAE
Callistemon citrinus Crimson Bottlebrush MYRTACEAE
Callistemon sieberi River Bottlebrush
Callitris baileyi Bailey's Cypress Pine CUPRESSACEAE
Callitris columellaris Coast Cypress Pine
Callitris rhomboidea Port Jackson Cypress Pine
Capparis arborea Brush Caper Berry CAPPARACEAE
Castanospermum australe Black Bean FABACEAE
Castanospora alphandii Brown Tamarind SAPINDACEAE
Casuarina cunninghamiana River She-oak CASUARINACEAE
Casuarina equisetifolia Beach Casuarina
Casuarina glauca Swamp Oak
Ceratopetalum apetalum Coachwood CUNONIACEAE
Cerbera floribunda Cassowary Plum APOCYNACEAE
*Cestrum elegans Purple Cestrum SOLANACEAE
*Cinnamomum camphora Camphor Laurel LAURACEAE
Cinnamomum virens Red-barked Sassafras
Cinnamomum oliveri Olivers Sassafras
Citrus australis Australian Round Lime RUTACEAE
Claoxylon australe Brittlewood EUPHORBIACEAE
Clerodendrum tomentosum Hairy Lollybush LAMIACEAE
* Coffea arabica Arabian Coffee RUBIACEAE
Comesperma ericinum Heath Milkwort POLYGALACEAE
Commersonia fraseri Brush Kurrajong MALVACEAE
Commersonia viscidula ' Kurrajong'
Coprosma quadrifida Prickly Currant Bush RUBIACEAE
Coronidium elatum White Paper Daisy ASTERACEAE
Corynocarpus rupestris Southern Corynocarpus CORYNOCARPACEAE
Croton verreauxii Native Cascarilla EUPHORBIACEAE
Cryptocarya glaucescens Jackwood LAURACEAE
Cryptocarya meissneriana Thick-leaved Laurel
Cryptocarya microneura Murrogun
Cryptocarya rigida Forest Maple
Cryptocarya triplinervis Three-veined Laurel
Cryptocarya williwilliana Willi Willi Laurel
Cupaniopsis anacardioides Tuckeroo SAPINDACEAE
Cupaniopsis flagelliformis Brown Tuckeroo
Cupaniopsis wadsworthii Wedge-leaved Tuckeroo
Cuttsia viburnea Cuttsia ROUSSEACEAE
       
D Davidsonia jerseyana Davidon's Plum NSW CUNONIACEAE
  Davidsonia pruriens Davidson's Plum QLD
Daviesia arborea Golden Pea FABACEAE
Decaspermum humile Silky Myrtle MYRTACEAE
Dendrocnide excelsa Giant Stinging Tree URTICACEAE
Dendrocnide photinophylla Shiny-leaved Stinging Tree
Denhamia celastroides Denhamia CELASTRACEAE
Dillenia alata Golden Guinea Tree DILLENIACEAE
Diospyros australis Black Plum EBENACEAE
Diospyros mabacea Silky Persimmon
Diploglottis australis Native Tamarind SAPINDACEAE
Diploglottis campbellii Small-leaved Tamarind
Diploglottis macrantha Cape Tamarind
Dodonaea megazyga Hop Bush species
Dodonaea triquetra Large-leaf Hop Bush
Doryphora sassafras Sassafras ATHEROSPERMATACEAE
Duboisia myoporoides Corkwood SOLANACEAE
Dysoxyllum rufum Hairy Rosewood MELIACEAE
Dysoxylum fraserianum Rosewood
       
E Ehretia acuminata Koda BORAGINACEAE
  Elaeodendron australe Red Olive Berry CELASTRACEAE
Elaeocarpus holopetalus Black Olive Berry ELAEOCARPACEAE
Elaeocarpus grahamii Quandong
Elaeocarpus grandis Blue Quandong
Elaeocarpus obovatus Hard Quandong
Elaeocarpus reticulatus Blueberry Ash
Ellatostachys xylocarpa Short-leaved Beetroot SAPINDACEAE
Endiandra crassiflora Dorrigo Maple LAURACEAE
Endiandra globosa Black Walnut
Endiandra muellerii subsp. muellerii Green-leaved Rose Walnut
Endiandra pubens Hairy Walnut
Endiandra sieberi Pink Walnut
*Eriobotrya japonica Loquat ROSACEAE
Erythrina numerosa Pine Mountain Corkwood FABACEAE
*Erythrina sykesii Coral Tree
Eucalyptus acmenoides White Mahogany MYRTACEAE
Eucalyptus andrewsii ssp. andrewsii New England Blackbutt
Eucalyptus citriodora Lemon-scented Gum
Eucalyptus eugenioides Thin-leaved Stringybark
Eucalyptus grandis Flooded Gum
Eucalyptus gummifera Red Bloodwood
Eucalyptus intermedia Pink Bloodwood
Eucalyptus maculata Spotted Gum
Eucalyptus microcorys Tallowwood
Eucalyptus nitens Shinning Gum
Eucalyptus obliqua Messmate
Eucalyptus oreades Blue Mountain Ash
Eucalyptus paniculata Grey Ironbark
Eucalyptus pauciflora Snow Gum
Eucalyptus pilularis Blackbutt
Eucalyptus propinqua Grey Gum Small-fruited
Eucalyptus signata Scribbly Gum
Eucalyptus resinifera Red Mahogany
Eucalyptus robusta Swamp Mahogany
Eucalyptus saligna Blue Gum
Eucalyptus tereticornis Forest Red Gum
Eucalyptus tessellaris Carbeen
Eucalyptus torelliana Cadaghi
*Eugenia uniflora Brazilian Cherry MYRTACEAE
Eupomatia laurina Bolwarra EUPOMATIACEAE
Euroschinus falcatus Ribbonwood ANACARDIACEAE
Exocarpos cupressiformis Wild Cherry SANTALACEAE
       
F Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig MORACEAE
  Ficus coronata Creek Sandpaper Fig
Ficus fraseri Sandpaper Fig
Ficus hispida Hairy Fig
Ficus macrophylla Moreton Bay Fig
Ficus microcarpa Small-fruited Fig
Ficus obliqua Small-leaved Fig
Ficus rubiginosa Rusty Fig
Ficus superba Deciduous Fig
Ficus virens White Fig
Ficus watkinsiana Strangler Fig
Flindersia australis Australian Teak RUTACEAE
Flindersia brayleyana Queensland Maple
Flindersia schottiana Cudgerie, Bumpy Ash
       
G Geissois benthamii Red Carabeen CUNONIACEAE
  *Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust FABACEAE
Glochidion ferdinandi Cheese Tree PHYLLANTHACEAE
Glochidion sumatranum Umbrella Cheese Tree
Gmelina leichhardtii White Beech LAMIACEAE
Gmelina dalrympleana Beech
Goodia lotifolia Golden Tip FABACEAE
Gossia bidwillii Python Tree MYRTACEAE
Graptophyllum reticulatum Veiny Graptophyllum ACANTHACEAE
Grevillea baileyana White Oak PROTEACEAE
Grevillea hilliana White Yiel-Yiel
Grevillia longifolia Serrated-leaved Grevillea
Grevillea oleoides Red Spider Flower
Grevillea robusta Silky Oak
Grevillea shiressii Blue Grevillea
Grevillea venusta Byfield Spider Flower
Guilfoylia monostylis Guilfoylia SURIANACEAE
Guioa acutifolia Northern Guioa SAPINDACEAE
Guioa semiglauca Guioa
       
H Hakea archaeoides Three-veined Hakea PROTEACEAE
  Hakea saliciifolia Willow-leaved Hakea
Harpullia alata Wing-leaved Tulipwood SAPINDACEAE
Harpullia pendula Tulipwood
Harpullia ramiflora Cape York Tulipwood
Hernandia bivalvis Grease Nut Tree HERNANDIACEAE
Hibiscus heterophyllus Native Rosella MALVACEAE
Hibiscus insularis Phillip Island Hibiscus
Hibiscus splendens Pink Hibiscus
Hicksbeachia pinnatifolia Red Boppel Nut PROTEACEAE
Homalanthus populifolius Bleeding Heart EUPHORBIACEAE
Hovea acutifolia Hovea FABACEAE
Hovea longifolia Rusty Pods
Hymenosporum flavum Native Frangipani PITTOSPORACEAE
       
I Indigofera australis Australian Indigo FABACEAE
  *Inga edulis Ice Cream Bean MIMOSOIDEAE
       
J Jacksonia scoparia Winged Broom Pea FABACEAE/FABOIDEAE
  Jagera pseudorhus Foam Bark Tree SAPINDACEAE
       
K Kunzea flavescens Wild May MYRTACEAE
  *Koelreuteria elegans Golden Raintree SAPINDACEAE
       
L Lagerstroemia archeriana Native Crepe Myrtle LYTHRACEAE
  *Lantana camara Lantana VERBENACEAE
Lepiderema hirsuta Noah's Tamarind SAPINDACEAE
Lepiderema pulchella Fine-leaved Tuckeroo
Leptospermum brachyandrum Weeping Tea-Tree MYRTACEAE
Leptospermum laevigatum Coastal Tea Tree
Leptospermum whitei White's Tea-Tree
Leucopogon parviflorus Coast Beard Heath ERICACEAE
*Ligustrum sinense Small-leaved Privet OLEACEAE
Lomatia fraseri Silky Lomatia PROTEACEAE
Lomatia silaifolia Wild Parsley
Lophostemon confertus Brush Box MYRTACEAE
       
M Macadamia tetraphylla Macadamia Nut PROTEACEAE
  Macaranga tanarius Macaranga EUPHORBIACEAE
Mallotus claoxyloides Odour Bush
Mallotus philippensis Red Kamala
Maytenus bilocularis Orangebark CELASTRACEAE
Maytenus silvestris Narrow-leaved Orangebark
Melaleuca alternifolia Tea Tree MYRTACEAE
Melaleuca bracteata Black Tea-Tree
Melaleuca leucadendra Long-leaved Paperbark
Melaleuca linariifolia Flax-leaved Paperbark
Melaleuca quinquenervia Broad-leaved Paperbark
Melia azedarach White Cedar MELIACEAE
Melicope elleryana Pink Euodia RUTACEAE
Melicope micrococca White Euodia
Melicope rubra Little Evodia
Millettia pinnata Karum Tree FABACEAE
Mischocarpus lachnocarpus Woolly Brush Apple SAPINDACEAE
Mischocarpus pyriformis Brush Apple
Montoca elliptica Tree Broom-heath EPACRIDACEAE
*Murraya paniculata Orange Jasmine RUTACEAE
Myristica globosa Native Nutmeg MYRISTICACEAE
Myrsine variabilis
Variable Muttonwood PRIMULACEAE
       
N Neisosperma poweri Milk Bush APOCYNACEAE
  Nematolepis squamea subsp. squamea Satinwood RUTACEAE
Neolamarckia cadamba Burrflower Tree RUBIACEAE
Neolitsea australiensis Green Bolly Gum LAURACEAE
Neolitsea dealbata White Bolly Gum
Niemeyera whitei Rusty Plum SAPOTACEAE
Notelaea longifolia Long-leaved Native Olive OLEACEA
Nothofagus moorei Antarctic Beech NOTHOFAGACEAE
       
O *Ochna serrulata Mickey Mouse Plant OCHNACEAE
  Olea paniculata Native Olive OLEACEA
Olearia elliptica Hoary Daisy Bush ASTERACEAE
Orites excelsus Prickly Ash PROTEACEAE
       
P Pennantia cunninghamii Brown Beech PENNANTIACEAE
  Persoonia levis Broad-leaved Geebung PROTEACEAE
Persoonia media Tall Geebung
Persoonia virgata Narrow-leaved Geebung
Petalostigma triloculare Long-leaved Bitterbark PICRODENDRACEAE
Phyllanthus gunnii Gunn's Phyllanthus PHYLLANTACEAE
Phyllanthus microcladus Small-leaved Spurge
Pilidiostigma glabrum Plum Myrtle MYRTACEAE
Pilidiostigma ryhtispermum Small-leaved Plum Myrtle
Pimelea ligustrina subsp. Tall Rice Flower THYMELAEACEAE
* Pinus radiata Radiata Pine PINACEAE
Pisonia umbellifera Bird Lime Tree NYCTAGINACEAE
Pittosporum ferrugineum Rusty Pittosporum PITTOSPORACEAE
Pittosporum undulatum Sweet Pittosporum
Pleiogynium timorense Burdekin Plum ANARCARDIACEAE
Podocarpus elatus Brown Pine PODOCARPACEAE
Podolobium aciculiferum Needle Shaggy Pea FABACEAE
Polyscias australiana Ivory Basswood ARALIACEAE
Polyscias elegans Celery Wood
Polyscias sambucifolia Elderberry Panax
Polyosma cunninghamii Featherwood POLYOSMACEAE
Pouteria australis Black Apple SAPOTACEAE
Pouteria chartacea Thin-leaved Coondoo
Pouteria myrsinifolia Yellow Plumwood
Prostanthera caerula Blue Mint Bush LAMIACEAE
Prostanthera incisa Cut-leaved Mint Bush
Prostanthera lasianthos Victorian Christmas Bush
*Psidium cattleianum var cattleianum Cherry Guava MYRTACEAE
Psychotria loniceroides Hairy Psychotria RUBIACEAE
       
Q Quintinia verdonii Grey Possumwood QUINTINIACEAE
       
R Rhodamnia argentea Brown Malletwood MYRTACEAE
  Rhododendron lochiae Australian Rhododendron ERICACEAE
Rhodomyrtus psidioides Native Guava MYRTACEAE
Ricinocarpos speciosus Brush Wedding Bush EUPHORBIACEAE
       
S Sambucus gaudichaudiana White Elderberry ADOXACEAE
  Sarcomelicope simplicifolia Yellow Aspen RUTACEAE
Sarcopteryx stipitata Steelwood
*Schefflera aboricola Dwarf Umbrella Tree ARALIACEAE
Schefflera actinophylla Umbrella Tree
Schizomeria ovata Crabapple CUNONIACEAE
Semecarpus australiensis Tartree ANACARDIACEAE
Senna acclinis Cassia FABACEAE / CAESALPINIACEAE
*Senna pendula var. glabrata Winter Senna
*Senna septemtrionalis Smooth Cassia
Sloanea australis Maiden's Blush ELAEOCARPACEAE
Sloanea langii White Carabeen
Sloanea woollsii Yellow Carabeen
Solanum aviculare Kangaroo Apple SOLANACEAE
Solanum hapalum Furry Nightshade
Solanum inaequilaterum Brush Nightshade
*Solanum mauritianum Wild Tobacco Bush
Solanum nobile Tall Nightshade
Solanum stelligerum Devil's Needle
Stenocarpus sinuatus FirewheelTree PROTEACEAE
Strychnos arborea Strychnine Tree LOGANIACEAE
Syncarpia glomulifera Turpentine MYRTACEAE
Synoum glandulosum Scentless Rosewood MELIACEAE
Syzygium alatoramulum Wing-stemmed Cherry MYRTACEAE
Syzygium australis Brush Cherry
Syzygium crebrinerve Purple Cherry
Syzygium erythrocalyx Johnstone River Satinash
Syzygium fibrosum Fibrous Satinash
Syzygium floribundum Weeping Lilly Pilly
Syzygium graveolens Cassowary Satinash
Syzygium ingens Red Apple
Syzygium luehmannii Riberry
Syzygium paniculatum Magenta Lilly Pilly
Syzygium smithii Lilly Pilly
Syzygium tierneyanum River Cherry
Syzygium unipunctatum Roly Poly Satinash
Syzygium wilsonii ssp. wilsonii Powderpuff Lilly Pilly
Syzygium xerampelinum Mulgrave Satinash
       
T Tabernaemontana pandacaqui Banana Bush APOCYNACEAE
  Tasmannia insipida Brush Pepperbush WINTERACEAE
Terminalia muelleri Australian Almond COMBRETACEAE
Toechima pterocarpum Bushy Tamarind SAPINDACEAE
Toechima tenax Brush Teak
Toona ciliata Red Cedar MELIACEAE
Trema tomentosa var. viridis Poison Peach CANNABACEAE
Tristaniopsis laurina Water Gum MYRTACEAE
Triunia robusta Honeysuckle PROTEACEAE
Trochocarpa laurina Tree Heath ERICACEAE
       
V Vesselowskya rubifolia Southern Marara CUNONIACEAE
       
W Wilkiea huegeliana Veiny Wilkiea MONIMIACEAE
  Westringia fruitcosa x eremicola Coastal Rosemary LAMIACEAE
Z Zieria arborescens subsp. Tall Zieria RUTACEAE
       
X Xanthostemon chrysanthus Golden Penda MYRTACEAE
       
  SEE ALSO SPECIES LIST BY COMMON NAME  
Tree Identification Page Links:  
1   A - Bl 2   Bo - Bu 3   C - E 4   Eucalypts 5   F - Figs 6   Fo - G 7   H - M 8   N - Q 9   R - Si 10   Sm - Syz 11   T - V 12   W - Z Leaf ID Flower ID